Senin, 30 April 2012

The presence of AMF (arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus)

Abstrac : The presence of AMF (arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus) in Agricultural Land Chilli (Capsicum annum L.) in Payakumbuh By: Joni Hendri (Under the guidance and Zuraida Zozy Aneloi Noly Dawair) Land Chilli (Capsicum annum L.) is an important horticultural crop in Indonesia. The impact of the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides can disrupt the balance of the ecosystem, destroying the soil and kill various types of living things are very necessary. This certainly will reduce the level of soil fertility due to microbes is very involved in the absorption of nutrients that plants need. One of the microbes that are beneficial to plants are mycorrhizal. Mycorrhizal root system contained on that form as a manifestation of the symbiosis between fungus mutualistis (myces) and roots (rhiza) higher plants. AMF (arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus) is endomikoriza, one obligate symbiotic fungus that has been known to have a beneficial effect on plant growth. Including mycorrhizal symbiotic microbes that play a role in dissolving and P uptake by plants. The study population was found on land AMF red chillies in the number of spores Payakumbuh AMF redah 23-33 spores and the degree of infection of 20% - 40% in the chili fields of artificial fertilizers. While the land was not given artificial fertilizer was found 49-75 spores and the degree of root infection 80% - 100%.

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